Why Did the Cold War Start

The term, Cold War, is used to refer to ‘the post-World War II struggle’ between the United States and its allies and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and its satellites.

Over the course of this struggele, that lasted from the mid-1940s through the end of the 1980s, global politics were greatly influenced by the extreme rivalry between the two huge poles of power and the political theories they espoused, such as democracy and capitalism was adhered to by the United States and its allies, while Communism by the Soviet bloc.

Main allies of the United States during Cold War were Britain, France, West Germany, Japan, and Canada. The Soviets, on the other hand, were backed by many countries of Eastern Europe, such as, Hungary, Poland, East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, and Romania; sometimes, Cuba and China as well. Countries that pledged to remain neutral (nonaligned) mostly hailed from the Third World.


Actually disagreement between the United States and the USSR dates back to the final phases of World War I. Just after the Bolsheviks toppled the existing Russian regime in October 1917, their leader Vladimir Lenin determined to pull Russia out of the war.

The United States, in 1918, along with Britain, France, and Japan, engaged militarily in Russia to restore the scrapped out Eastern Front in their armed struggle against Germany. But to Lenin and his fellow statesmen the engagement constituted an attack on newly hatched Russian revolutionary spirit.

Actually, the Europe and the United States resented new Russian regime, with its stance against capitalism and its endeavors to cement regional Communist factions into an international revolutionary communist party. In December 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formed as a federal integration of Russia with neighboring states under Communist party’s control.

The United States had been declining to accept the Soviet state until 1933. The in depth ideological chasm between the USSR and the United States was made worse by the leadership of Joseph Stalin, who governed the USSR from 1929 through 1953.

On the eve of World War II, in August 1939, Stalin entered into a nonaggression treaty with German dictator Adolf Hitler. The two leaders committed not to attack each other’s territory and mutually agreed to decide the territory that laid between them into German and Soviet spheres of occupation. Hitler violated the agreement in June 1941 and instead sent his armies in the USSR.

The United States and Britain rushed to the USSR’s defense developing a coalition that would end dictatorship from Germany in coming years. This American, British & Soviet coalition, known as the Grand Alliance, was an unpleasant arrangement, characterised by distrust.

As the victory approached, by 1944, the conflicting ideologies in the alliance of a postwar world were becoming more and more vivid.

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