Why Was the Bill of Rights Written

The Bill of Rights is the title that signifies first ten amendments to the constitution of the United States Constitution. The move of amendments was initiated by James Madison to the First United States Congress in 1789 in the form of a succession of articles, and took effect on December 15, 1791, when about 3/4th of the states the bill. Thomas Jefferson was the chief exponent of the Bill of Rights.

When Madison was proposing the Bill, there were rampant some sociopolitical clash between Federalists and anti-Federalists since 1787 Philadelphia Convention. This posed a great threat to the overall ratification of the new Constitution of the nationalities.

It quickly attracted the attention of the Constitution’s most powerful opponents, including some prominent founding fathers, who held that the Constitution was not to be ratified in view of its inability to safeguard some fundamental principles of liberty in general.

Bill of Rights Why Was the Bill of Rights Written

The contents of the Bill were a microcosmic reflection of works of the Age of Enlightenment pertaining to natural rights, and earlier English political documents such as Magna Carta (1215), George Mason’s 1776 Virginia Declaration of Rights, the 1689 English Bill of Rights.

Historical Factors

The Philadelphia Convention (1787) was chalked out to rectify some inherent deficiencies in the Articles of Confederation that remained very much obvious even prior to the American Revolutionary War had been won. The newly constituted government was in fact a federation with a powerful executive organ, a strong legislation and an independently operating judiciary.

After the ratification of the Constitution in 1789, the 1st United States Congress was convened in Federal Hall, New York City. A majority of the delegates mutually agreed on the contents of the Bill of Rights as they were unanimous to proclaim that a mention of the description of rights contained in the Bill was vital for their nation to unite.

While heading Virginia delegation of the 1st Congress, Madison had formerly gone against the Bill of Rights but desired to forestall a second Constitutional Convention that might have undone the difficultly attained compromises / unanimity of 1787. That is, a second convention might render the entire Constitution to reconsideration and could undo the work he and so many others had so earnestly dispensed after thorough deliberations in formulating the very structure of the United States Government.

Madison tried to draft out most part of the Bill of Rights on the pattern of the Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776), proposed by George Mason, who too had consulted Madison. In this draft Madison also scrutinized the propositions pertaining to state amendments. He also took into account an unlikely opposition to seconding the move of any further amendments.

In addition to all this, Madison’s Bill of Rights largely elicited an emulated version of the centuries’ long spirit of the English constitution but with adaptations based on the principles of the Revolution Americans had just witnessed and adhered to in the immediate past.

The Bill of Rights has played a crucial part in the American system of governance. Today this document is the symbolic representation of the American ideals of liberty and socio-political fabric.

The National Archives, Washington DC, displays an original copy of the Bill of Rights as a self-explanatory monument of the past achievements of the American nation!

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