Why Did the Roman Empire Fall?

When the civilization was developing around two thousand years back, Roman republic was the one who became strong to create an empire. Life started in Rome which led to many achievements and inventions. Everyone was happy and was earning handsome money including the rulers of empire but a time came when the empire finally fell. There were many factors and reasons which led to the fall of Roman Empire.

romanempire Why Did the Roman Empire Fall?


Dictatorship started in Rome in 100 BC which negatively affected the lives of general public. The farmers could not leave their farming lands and they had to remain with it or else they were punished. No farmer or worker had right to change his occupation. He had to continue with what he is doing. Their children even had to do the same work. The money had to be paid by the town officials what the state said to pay no matter how much they had collected. Two parts of empire were created east and west. Many people did not accept these hard dictatorship laws so they ended up without the fear of getting caught.


Christianity was gaining popularity and the minds of the people were influenced by Christianity. They all had a desire to do good things. This thinking changed their mind and they were not willing to join the army and kill people whereas barbarians did not care about these thoughts and never hesitated in killing anyone. When Christianity was gaining popularity during this period, there were many civil wars and external attacks. Many leaders who fought against barbarians during 235 to 284 also started fighting with each other. Romans protected themselves from the barbarians but they also fought with each other which made them weak. The barbarians wanted to capture Rome because they got threats from the Huns. People of Rome went to city and vacated their posts from the border. This led the barbarians to capture more cities and places.


A time came when the emperor was elected on the basis of money and not on the basis of qualification and the highest bidder got the throne. Many emperors were assassinated by their own army in the following hundred years. The emperors had a desire to live in luxury and they only made beautiful palaces, temples and spent money on all these unnecessary acts. They had hardly cared about the people of the empire regarding their strengthening and encouragement of the army. Most of all, they had no budget for spending money. They used whatever they had or it could be rightly said that they wasted whatever sources were available to them.


The Roman Empire did not further capture any territories which caused the scarcity of gold to be used in the coins. This led to the increase in prices which led to inflation. Finally people stopped using coins and once again turned towards barter system. They start paying taxes with fruits and vegetables. The farmers raised prices because they had to further pay their slaves who were working on their fields. Farmers could not raise as much money as required. This resulted in the unemployment of the slaves and they came to streets. Furthermore, the people who were living in luxurious apartments did not have enough money to manage their rents and they also came to streets. Finally, there was pollution on the streets and people were infected with many diseases like measles and small pox. Some left Rome and others died because of disease. The population of Italy started to decrease.

Soldiers also did not want to guard the lost interest. Because of money, they abandoned the weapons as they were not in a good condition and there was no money for repairing or making new ones. The German army on the other side was gaining power. Romans were passing through tough times. Barbarians attacked on Rome with the help of German military in 476. The last emperor Romulus Augustus was removed and German Odoacer was the next emperor of Rome which marked the end of Roman Empire. The usual date for the fall of Roman Empire is 4th September 476.

Different historians have their views about the fall of Roman Empire:

Vegitius and Arthur Ferrill are of the opinion that the military of empire was negatively affected by the Germans which led to the entrance of German mercenaries.

Edward Gibbon views that the people of Rome lost their civic virtue and developed interest in Christianity. They remained away from worldly interests and waited for heavenly rewards.

Bury explained many reasons that contributed to the fall of Roman Empire. They were economic disturbances, reducing population, military dependency on German, murder of Aetius and no appropriate leader in the place of Aetius.

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