Why is Nanotechnology Important?

Nanotechnology is the development of systems to the tune of about an atomic size, (nanometer). By “Nano” we mean one-billionth (1/1,000,000,000) part of a thing.  Hence nanotechnology assumes its name from the measurement title at which it operates.  This small size is about 100,000 times thinner than the strand of a human hair.  Atoms, the fundamental integral units of matter, are of nano-metric dimension. A DNA molecule, for example, which is considered the building design of life and the basis of the entire genetic structure, is a twisted molecular double-strand about 2nm width.

Is nanotechnology really important?

Nanotechnology is offering a huge worth of materials and a range of novel manufacturing possibilities, which in turn is greatly contributing toward our economy, our surrounding, and our social fabric on a bigger scale.  Employing this technology, the researchers and engineers can create materials indeed at sub-molecular level.

Nanotechnology Why is Nanotechnology Important?

Now they can utilize one time unattainable properties of elements / compounds and can fabricate new shapes, structures, and devices with traits beyond perception, i.e. a range of materials with immense strength, light weight, greater electrical connectivity, and the pliability to different shapes or colors as per requirement.

Technical Merits:

A nanotechnology can offer following addition possibilities:

  • New ways of mechanical, chemical, electrical, surface, magnetic, and optical properties can be manipulated at the nanoscale;
  • As particles get detached, there is an increased availability of surface area, and hence increased solubility, rheology changes, etc. ;
  • The aggrandizing refinement of analytical tools and modes enable controlled exploration at the nanoscale.

But there are some astonishing transitions the moment we shift from the micro to the nano scale. Some very predictable materials exhibit new tendencies at nano scale: gold, for example, turns red in solution, may behave as a catalyst or a bio tracer.

Business Implications:

Production of new materials is important for enormous technological innovations to take effect. Nanotechnology can influence all kinds of materials, such as metals, ceramics, polymers, and biomaterials. Not only pure substance but also multiple composites can be formed and manipulated.

Nanotechnology will ensure following product innovations:

  • Possibilities of new property combination, such as, conducting, transparent plastics, etc.;
  • Enhancement in mechanical traits of materials, such as, strength, modulus, hardness, wear and tear;
  • New ways of disruptive solutions in power storage, chip architecture, water filtration, and corrosion.

Incremental enhancements are likely to witness commercialization in near future. For that the technological experts will be to be vigilant for any untoward side effects; as they at this core level technology are not always predictable.

Nanotechnology is going to immensely influence life in the forthcoming decades. The industries more susceptible to it effects include automotive, metallurgy, electronics, packaging, aerospace, pharmaceuticals, information, communications, food, personal care and what not!

Filed Under: Science

Tags: , , ,

Leave a Reply




If you want a picture to show with your comment, go get a Gravatar.