Why Is America In Iraq

Current Occupation of Iraq has resulted from 2003 invasion of Iraq by a multinational coalition led by the United States. The invasion toppled Baath party’s government from Iraq, dethroning President Saddam Hussein.

The multinational forces led by US command still exercise a great deal of influence in the region. Over time they have been able to form the New Iraqi Army to quell oft-rising local insurgency. In order to ensure security and stability in the region, the newly formed Iraqi government is expanding its role.

As mentioned in the Hague Convention, ‘a territory is considered OCCUPIED as long as it is placed under the authority of the hostile army.’ There may be situations in which the occupier should maintain a military presence in the host country, with the express agreement of the legitimate government under a security arrangement (Example: U.S. military presence in Japan and Germany).

America in Iraq Why Is America In Iraq

The legal status of such an agreement and the legitimate right of the national authorities who are its signatory must be in consonance with international recognition, followed by a restoration of diplomatic relations of so formed national government with the international community out there.

In this regard, it would be in the fitness of things for all countries involved in military campaign to manifest clearer terms of their occupation as long as an atmosphere of peace and stability is not developed that would allow re-emergence of a legitimate form of national government. Military presence during the post war period can only work if the said peace and stability is there.

During the year 2004, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1546 predicted a comprehensive account of the expected events leading to the end of the foreign military regime successively followed by a fully responsible, authoritative and independent Interim Government of Iraq.

Consequently, the UN including the allies occupying Iraq restored their diplomatic ties with the newly formed Interim Government of Iraq and chalked out a program for holding elections and the framing of a new constitution.

In spite of the ongoing riots, the environment was now being considered secure enough to hold fair and free elections. U.S. ambassador to Baghdad, had mentioned that the United States government would follow the United Nations resolution decreeing that allied forces would have to leave if the Iraqi government so demanded.

By May 10, 2007, nearly 144 Iraqi legislators had drafted a constitutional petition that prompted the United States to intimate a timetable of relinquishing the territory.

On June 3, 2007, the Iraqi Parliamentarians voted some 85 against 59 binding it on the Iraqi government to seek Parliamentary approval before tendering any petition regarding any further extensions of the UN Security Council Mandate for Coalition military actions in Iraq. A UN mandate under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1790 terminated lastly on December 31, 2008.

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