Why Does Nose Bleed

Nose bleeding normally takes place in response to mind-blowing trauma. However, at times, nose bleeding can prove pre-cursory to some serious ailment. Anatomically, it occurs due to rupturing / injury of thin blood vessels in nasal cavity. Nose bleeds are of two types: -

  • Upper Septum Nose Bleed;
  • Lower Septum Nose Bleed.

Lower Septum nose bleeds:

Most of the nasal bleeding is observed in the lower zone of the nose within the lower Septum, a semi-rigid wall that bifurcates the nasal chamber ushering into two tunnel-like channels right above the upper facial-lips. As the thin lined blood vessels run visibly quite above the surface of septum both sides, they are very much exposed to rupturing upon a slightest blow. L. S. nasal bleeds are not considered much harmful except they are non-stop or occur in the nascent stages of a new born.

Nose Bleed Why Does Nose Bleed


The predominant cause of all nasal bleedings is traumatic blow of the following description:

  • A Smack,
  • High altitudes,
  • Colds,
  • Allergies
  • Nose-picking,
  • Interior dryness,
  • Medications in high mg.


Following set of instructions may be of some help: -

  • Sit straight and gently squeeze hold your nostrils for about ten (10) minutes;
  • Usually, a cold compress with the help of an ice pack is recommended as an act of first aid;
  • If the cause of bleeding appears to be nasal dryness, application of Vaseline would prove a better option;
  • After you secure a possible cease, do not move up or down in haste as it is likely to displace the blood clotting, lest your nose shouldn’t start bleeding again.

However, if the bleed does not cease or its pressure is not reduced after 15 minutes, it may be serious, following factors will have to be taken into account: -

  • Check history, if you have occasional nasal bleeds;
  • If the injury / trauma is severe;
  • The blood loss is heavy;
  • The affected is an infant,
  • The person is already sick or elderly;

If none of the above condition holds, even then you are advised to consult a doctor because excessive bleeding is not a good sign.

Upper Septum nose bleeds:

This kind of bleeding is very infrequent. Upper Septum nose bleedings has a characteristic mode of flow — the point of flow resides somewhere deep in the upper nasal chamber and the blood discharge is routed via the back of throat no matter whether the person is sitting or standing straight. This mode of bleeding is indeed fatal. Immediate medical examination is strongly recommended.


Probable causes of upper septum nasal bleeding are as follows:

  • Bleeding disorders in general;
  • Leukemia,
  • High blood pressure;
  • Atherosclerosis, an arteries disease;
  • Side effects of medications and drugs such as aspirin, cocaine;
  • Nasal tumors, cancerous and non-cancerous;
  • Serious trauma / blow / thrust, such as a displaced broken nose from car crashes, falls etc;
  • Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, a hereditary disease in which a growth like a birth mark is located in the nose.
  • Infection;
  • No obvious reason.


Same measure of treatment is dispensed as in Lower End Nose bleeding. If your physician finds no medication to wedge a blockage, he is obliged to proceed with dressing your nose up with gauze or latex.

More precisely, as a surgical step the final solution lies in cauterization of the leaked vessel through fine operation in which burning of the ruptured blood vessel is considered with the help of an electrical / heated device. There is nothing to worry about pains… the physicians administer a localized anesthetic treatment.

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