Why Did World War I Begin?

World War I, famously known as the Great War, refers to a global conflict among two major world powers, the Central powers and the Allies. Among the numerous causes that formed the background for the outbreak of World War I, one of the most obvious was the assassination of Frencis Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austro-Hungary and his wife over the course of their visit to Serbia on the plea that if the duke were kept alive, he was bound to inflict an increased measure of oppressions on Serbians.

World War I Why Did World War I Begin?

The Germans taking advantage of the escalating tension urged Austria-Hungary to attack the Serbs at their behest which they did and a full scale war took effect from June’ 1914. Resultantly, the signatories of Triple Entente, viz. France, Britain & Russia on finding the balance of power at stake joined Serbs in their fight against the Central powers which included Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, who was obliged to fight in case it turned to be a defensive war, thereby constituting Triple Alliance. Likewise the colonies of countries like Britain and France also fought under their flag. This is how the war entailed the whole world round.

Following factors were also pivotal to cause the great war:


Many countries which considered their culture, language and distinct identity under threat earnestly desired to assert their existence as sovereign states that the expansionist designs of big powers were impeding. One of the victims was Austria-Hungary who in the attempt got trapped into the global conflict and had to be part of a Central block. Increasing democratization of the ideal of nationalism led the states to own fully trained and equipped armed forces to shield and assert one’s nationalistic appearance on the surface of the earth as a means of vindication of ones vanity.


Many war time experts are of the opinion that the huge intrinsic potential of German soil to produce minerals that gave tremendous boom to arm industry since the earlier decades of 20th century also gave impetus to wind the conflict that went global for German acquisition of arsenals felt repercussions in England already commanding maritime supremacy in high seas. Moreover the untiring struggle for wielding power and supremacy in the region continuously received encouragement due to production and development of more and more lethal arms.

In short all the three factors the assassination of Ferdinand and the above two factors contributed in alternative layers toward triggering the theaters of World War I.

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