Why Did China Invade Tibet

As evident from records history of Tibet resemble to that of Buddhism a great deal. This is so because Buddhism has played a major role in the formation of Tibetan, Mongol or Manchu cultures and also because most of the native historians were monks themselves.

Geographically, Tibet is situated between the two different cultures of China and India. The mountain range present between China and Tibet is called the Tibetan Plateau while the one separating it from Indian Territory is called Himalayas. Tibet is famously known as “the land of snows” or “the roof of the world”.

According to linguistic classification the Tibetan languages are classified as members of the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Tibet Why Did China Invade Tibet

Establishment of the Communist government in China:

In 1949, when the Communists began to take control of China, all Chinese related with the Chinese government, were expelled out of the territory. The communist regime in china under Mao Zedong came to power in October immediately planned to assert new Chinese presence in Tibet.

In October 1950, the People’s Liberation Army attacked the Chamdo, overpowering scattered resistance from the retreating Tibetan army. In 1951, Tibetan officials held negotiations in Beijing with Chinese government. A Seventeen Point Agreement which dictated Chinese control over Tibet was finally the outcome of the meeting.

From the very onset, it was clear that bringing Tibet under Communist rule would mean getting two opposite social systems juxtaposed. However, in Tibet the Chinese Communists did not opt to incorporate social reforms on immediate basis.

On the contrary, from 1951 — 1959, regional Tibetan society with its nobles and seigniorial estates continued to thrive as such. In spite of the overwhelming existance of twenty thousand PLA troops in Central Tibet, the Dalai Lama’s government made its way to keep important symbols from its de facto independence period.

Tibet Map Why Did China Invade Tibet

Eastern Kham, a Tibetan region of (formerly) Xikang province, was merged with the province of Sichuan. Later on Western Kham was put under the control of Chamdo Military Committee. Land Reform was implemented in these areas which designated communist agitators as “landlords”, chosen arbitrarily for public humiliation, termed as “thamzing” — “Struggle Sessions,” a kind of torture that included mutilation and even death.

By 1956 there was agitation and political strife in the eastern Kham and Amdo, where land reform had been commissioned. The rebelion at length spread into western Kham and Ü-Tsang.

In 1959, in order to quell the unrest China’s military ravaged the posts held by rebels in Kham and Amdo which instead contributed to the Lhasa Uprising, a wide-scale resistance outbroke throughout the Tibetan region. Fearing a possible apprehension, unarmed Tibetans surrounded Dalai Lama’s residence to help him escape in India.

In 1965, Ü-Tsang and western Kham were titled as Tibet Autonomous Region or TAR. Autonomy measure granted that head of government would be an ethnic Tibetan; however, the military might or the responsiblities of defence were vested in the appointment of the First Secretary of TAR, who has never been a Tibetan.

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