Why Are Hurricanes Given Names

Hurricanes are given names to identify storms and trace out their path across the ocean. There can be more than one hurricane at a time and so naming becomes important, otherwise we could get confused as to which storm we’re referring to.

Centuries before, hurricanes in the West Indies had been named after a particular saint’s day on which the hurricane was falling. Australian meteorologists, later on, had been giving hurricanes the names of women before 20th century unfolded.

The US role in assigning names:

By 1953, the United States National Weather Service, a federal agency, responsible for tracking sea storms, issuing warnings and conducting watches, began attributing female names to the storms. The Women’s and men’s names are, however, used alternately.

Hurricane Why Are Hurricanes Given Names

Before 1980 unfolded, men’s names also began to be used. A name for every letter of the alphabet may be selected, with the exception of alphabet Q, U, X, Y and Z. That is to say, each year, the first occurring tropical storm of the season is awarded a name starting with A, the second one is given a name starting with B, and so on. The letters Q, U, X, Y, and Z are, however, not used in view of there being quite a few common names beginning with these letters.

European naming of cyclones:

The nomenclature selected for hurricanes arising in Atlantic Ocean, will be of French, Spanish or English origin, as logically enough these are the major languages abreast with the Atlantic Ocean wherever the hurricane occurs.

Now the answer to the question, who decides as to what names are to be used each year is the World Meteorological Organization. It employs six lists in recycling that are used and reused every six years. The said name lists are prepared by meteorologists at the World Meteorological Organization.

A hurricane is given an out of list question only when it is extremely sinister. The names of disastrous storms, like Camille, Hugo, Andrew, and Katrina, are made to retire after the happening for good and new names are chosen for the next such catastrophic ones.

During the active hurricane trip of 2005, Greek letters began to be employed to name tropical storms. The name lists for Atlantic and eastern Pacific tropical storms differ from each other in their nomenclature. A storm is identified soon as the winds soar a speed of 39 mph or more.

The History of Tropical Storms nomenclature:

Late in the 1940s, there was no system in vogue to officially name a hurricane. In other words, hurricane forecasting had not emerged as a full-fledge institution by that time. A naive institution would only name the most fatal ones and that too for the place they inflict the most damage, such as, the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 or the time they of their striking, for example, the Labor Day Hurricane (1935).

The US meteorologists operating in the Pacific Ocean started assigning names to tropical cyclones by the time of World War 2, when they needed to track a number of storms simultaneously. They assigned each storm a name so as to distinguish the tropical storms from each other at ease than referring to it by its position every time.

The years between 1953 and 1979, witnessed only women’s names for the tropical storms. Altering of women’s and men’s name came to the forefront since 1979.

Filed Under: General

Tags: , ,

Leave a Reply

If you want a picture to show with your comment, go get a Gravatar.